# Select Random Element from Set in Python

In this article, we will see **how to select a random element from a set in Python**.

We have the **random module **in Python which implements pseudo-random number generators for various distributions including integer, float.

Also, we will see to randomly select multiple choices from a set.

## Random number operations in set in Python

### random.choice()

This function retrieves a single element from the set.

# program using choice() function import random set = (11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88) print("A random number from the set is: " , random.choice(set))

**Output: **

A random number from the set is: 77

### random.choices()

As we know random.choice() is used for selecting single element whereas random.choices() is used to select multiple elements specified in its argument. This function takes 2 arguments, set_name and k(number of random items)

import random movie_list = ('Godfather', 'Modern Times', 'Casablanca', 'Metropolis', 'Mary Poppins', 'Spartacus') item = random.choices(movie_list, k=2) print("Randomly selected items from movie_list are: ", item)

**Output:**

Randomly selected items from movie_list are: ['Spartacus', 'Godfather']

### random.sample()

Likewise, **random.sample() **can be used instead **random.choices()**. Both arguments and output for random.sample() are similar to random.chocies().

import random movie_list = ('Godfather', 'Modern Times', 'Casablanca', 'Metropolis', 'Mary Poppins', 'Spartacus') item = random.sample(movie_list, k=2) print("Randomly selected items from movie_list are: ", item)

**Output:**

Randomly selected items from movie_list are: ['Metropolis', 'Casablanca']

## randrange()

Furthermore, many times we need an item from a set along with its index position. We can accomplish it by making use of **randrange()** function. So let us now see how randomly chose an item along with its index number.

from random import randrange movie_list = ('Godfather', 'Modern Times', 'Casablanca', 'Metropolis', 'Mary Poppins', 'Spartacus') random_index = randrange(len(movie_list)) movie_item = movie_list[random_index] print ("Randomly selected item and its index is - ", movie_item, "\nIndex - ", random_index)

**Output:**

Randomly selected item and its index is - Casablanca Index - 2

Also read,

Hi Prakhar,

I think there is an important matter i your code.

You shouldn’t ever use the Python built-in classname ‘set’ as a variable name.

The variable which is defined here as

set = (11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88)

is actually a tuple.

Perhaps use

number_options = (11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88)

or

number_set = set((11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88))

instead.

Additionally, it is confusing to call a variable movie_list, when it is a tuple, not a Python list.

Either use

movie_list = [‘Godfather’, ‘Modern Times’, ‘Casablanca’, ‘Metropolis’, ‘Mary Poppins’, ‘Spartacus’]

or just

movies = (‘Godfather’, ‘Modern Times’, ‘Casablanca’, ‘Metropolis’, ‘Mary Poppins’, ‘Spartacus’)

thanks for the article.

however, random.choice() works on lists, not sets. your ‘set’ is actually a list! to make a set you would need to use curly braces ie

set = {11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88}

if you change this in your code you will see an error “‘set’ object is not subscriptable”

In addition to the comments from Tom and Dan, you would need to use random.sample() in order to retrieve a random element from a set:

set_example = set(11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88)

random.sample(set_example, 1) # For 1 element of the set

L= [{1,2,3,4},{2,3,5}]

Now how to count number 3 in this list of sets

There’s a subtle but important difference between `random.choices()` and `random.sample()`: `choices` may return the same element many times (chooses _with_ replacement) whereas `sample` returns each element at most once (chooses _without_ replacement).