Python program to calculate the Standard Deviation
In this article, we are going to understand about the Standard Deviation and how it is calculated in Python. Before the calculation of Standard Deviation, we need to understand what does it mean. Standard Deviation is the measure of spreads of data from the mean value of that data.
If the standard deviation has low value then it indicates that the data are less spread from there mean value and if it has high value then it indicates that the data is more spread out from their mean value.
Calculation of Standard Deviation in Python
Standard deviation is calculated by two ways in Python, one way of calculation is by using the formula and another way of the calculation is by the use of statistics or numpy module.
The Standard Deviation is calculated by the formula given below:-
Where N = number of observations, X1, X2,………, XN = observed values in sample data and Xbar = mean of the total observations.
Example 1:- Calculation of standard deviation using the formula
observation = [1,5,4,2,0] sum=0 for i in range(len(observation)): sum+=observation[i] mean_of_observations = sum/len(observation) sum_of_squared_deviation = 0 for i in range(len(observation)): sum_of_squared_deviation+=(observation[i]- mean_of_observations)**2 Standard_Deviation = ((sum_of_squared_deviation)/len(observation))**0.5 print("Standard Deviation of sample is ",Standard_Deviation)
Standard Deviation of sample is 1.854723699099141
In the above example, we first calculated the mean of the given observation and then we calculated the sum of the squared deviation by adding the square of the difference of each observation from the mean of the observation.
Then we calculated the standard deviation by taking the square root of the division of the sum of squared deviation and number of observations.
Example 2:- Calculation of standard deviation using the numpy module
import numpy as np # creating a simple data - set sample = np.array([1,5,4,2,0]) # Prints standard deviation print("Standard Deviation of sample is % s "% (np.std(sample)))
Standard Deviation of sample is 1.8547236991
In this example, we imported the numpy module and then we created a numpy array. Then we calculated the standard deviation by using the function np.std(), by this method we got the required standard deviation.