Flask – Mail extension explained and how to use it?

In this tutorial, we are going to learn about the Flask – Mail extension. We are also going to learn about all its functionalities and features. We will also learn about how to implement it in our Flask webpage.

Flask – Mail

In a web application, it is necessary to have a mailing functionality through which mail can be sent to clients/users. Flask-Mail is an extension that helps us in achieving that by providing a simple interface with any email server.

But before all this you need to first install the Flask-Mail extension using the pip installer-

pip install Flask-Mail

Then configure the Flask-Mail extension by setting the values of the following parameters.

  1. MAIL_SERVER – Used to store the Name/IP address of the e-mail server.
  2. MAIL_PORT – Used to store the port number of the server used
  3. MAIL_USE_TLS – Used to enable/disable Transport Security Layer encryption.
  4. MAIL_USE_SSL Used to enable/disable Secure Sockets Layer encryption.
  5. MAIL_DEBUG  Used to provide Debug support. The debug status is by default set by flask application.
  6. MAIL_USERNAME – Gets the username of the sender.
  7. MAIL_PASSWORD – Gets the password of the sender.
  8. MAIL_DEFAULT_SENDER – Sets a default sender of mail.
  9. MAIL_MAX_EMAILS – Sets a maximum number of emails to be sent.
  10. MAIL_SUPPRESS_SEND – Sends suppressed if the app.testing is set to true.
  11. MAIL_ASCII_ATTACHMENTS – Converts attached filenames into ASCII, if this parameter is set to true.

 

Message Class in Flask

The massage class constructor contains many parameters such as –

flask-mail.Message(subject, recipients, body, html, sender, cc, bcc, 
   reply-to, date, charset, extra_headers, mail_options, rcpt_options)

In the following example, the SMTP server of Google’s gmail service is used as the MAIL_SERVER for the Flask-Mail configuration.

First, from the flask_mail module import the Mail and Message class –

from flask_mail import Mail, Message

flask_mail is getting configured with the below settings.

app.config['MAIL_SERVER']='smtp.gmail.com'
app.config['MAIL_PORT'] = 465
app.config['MAIL_USERNAME'] = '[email protected]'
app.config['MAIL_PASSWORD'] = '*****'
app.config['MAIL_USE_TLS'] = False
app.config['MAIL_USE_SSL'] = True

After that create an instance of the Mail class.

mail = Mail(app)

I hope you understood what was explained in this tutorial. If you have any doubts or queries regarding anything described here, please feel free to comment them down below.

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